Today is 14th November, on this day in 1889 Jawahar Lal Nehru was born. His birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day. He was the first prime minister of India and a great social activist who fought against British rule in India. Nehru was the son of prominent lawyer Motilal Nehru and Swaroop Rani, the former was a prominent lawyer.
He had attended the session of Indian National Congress in 1912 and later joined the party. During 1920s he emerged as the prominent leader of left-wing factions of Congress. He became the president of Indian National Congress in 1929. He called for Poorna Swaraj or Complete Independence and 26 January, 1930 was celebrated as Independence Day.
Mahatma Gandhi acknowledged his as his political heir in 1941. Because of this, Nehru became the first Prime Minister of Independent India. His inaugural address on 15 August 1947 is one of the most famous political addresses throughout the World.
“Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.”
Nehru is regarded as the architect of secular India. Not only in India, he has emerged as one of the greatest leaders of the World because of his role in Non Alignment Movement. His economic policies were almost entirely successful. His major failure was Sino-Indian War in 1962. He died on 27 May, 1964.